陆颖昭,徐军飞,陈宇杰,王志国,马金霞.KH550改性对微纳纤维素/聚乳酸复合3D打印材料性能的影响[J].中国造纸学报,2019,34(2):14-19 本文二维码信息
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KH550改性对微纳纤维素/聚乳酸复合3D打印材料性能的影响
Effect of KH550 on Properties of PLA Based 3D Printing Wire with High MNC Content
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  微纳纤维素  聚乳酸  3D打印  改性  复合材料
Key Words:MNC  PLA  3D printing  modification  composites
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31870565)。
作者单位
陆颖昭 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院江苏省林业资源高效加工利用协同创新中心江苏南京210037 
徐军飞 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院江苏省林业资源高效加工利用协同创新中心江苏南京210037 
陈宇杰 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院江苏省林业资源高效加工利用协同创新中心江苏南京210037 
王志国* 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院江苏省林业资源高效加工利用协同创新中心江苏南京210037 
马金霞 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院江苏省林业资源高效加工利用协同创新中心江苏南京210037 
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中文摘要:
      为提高微纳纤维素(MNC)与聚乳酸(PLA)复合材料的性能,将分散于二氯甲烷的MNC与溶解于二氯甲烷的PLA 通过溶液共混法进行复合,成功制备了适用于FDM型3D打印机的MNC/PLA复合3D打印线材。采用硅烷偶联剂KH550对MNC进行改性,考察了KH550用量对MNC的晶型结构及对MNC/PLA复合材料断面形态和机械性能的影响,进一步研究了KH550改性MNC对MNC/PLA复合材料3D打印性能的影响。结果表明,溶液共混法制备的MNC/PLA复合3D打印线材可在保持复合材料机械性能的基础上将高含量的MNC与PLA均匀复合;1%用量(相对于MNC绝干质量)的KH550可改善复合材料的界面相容性且复合材料的机械性能最佳;制备的MNC/PLA复合3D打印线材经FDM型3D打印机可成功打印出3D打印产品。
Abstract:
      In this study, the micro-nanocellulose(MNC) dispersed in dichloromethane was mixed with polylactic acid (PLA) dissolved in dichloromethane by solution mixing method. The advantages of the composite materials prepared by solution mixing method compared with the melt blending method were analyzed. Further, MNC was modified with silane coupling agent (KH550) to improve the interface compatibility of the composite. The effects of the KH550 amount on the crystal structure of cellulose and the morphology as well as mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. The modified composite material was extruded by twin screw to prepare a wire suitable for FDM type 3D printing. The results showed high content MNC could be mixed with PLA evenly without reducing the mechanical performance of the composite when MNC/PLA composite 3D printing wire was prepared by solution mixing method. 1%of KH550 (on over dried MNC) could effectively improve the interface compatibility of the composite.
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