黄思维,周定国,吴清林.玉米叶纳米纤维素的提取及表征[J].中国造纸学报,2015,30(3):1-4 本文二维码信息
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Preparation and Characterization of Nanocellulose from Corn Leaf
  
DOI:10.11981/j.issn.1000-6842.2015.03.1
Key Words:corn leaf nanocellulose  sulfuric acid hydrolysis and ultrasonic method  reinforcing material
Fund Project:江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(164020890);江苏省自然科学科学青年基金项目(BK20130975);芦苇工业化利用生物质模塑产业开发(编号:028020089)。
作者单位
黄思维1 1.南京林业大学材料科学与工程学院,江苏南京,210037 
周定国1,* 1.南京林业大学材料科学与工程学院,江苏南京,210037 
吴清林2 2.路易斯安娜州立大学可再生自然资源学院,美国路易斯安那州,70803 
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Abstract:
      Purified cellulose was obtained from corn leaf, a crop residue by removing lignin and hemicellulose. Nanocellulose was prepared from the cellulose by sulfuric acid hydrolysis and ultrasonic treatment and characterization by XRD, FT-IR, TG and TEM to study its crystal morphology, physical, chemical structure and thermal stability. The results showed that the optimum hydrolysis temperature of corn leaf cellulose was 60℃, the hydrolysis time was 2 h, and the concentration of sulfuric acid was 60%. The diameter of the nanocellulose was about 8 nm, with length of 150~200 nm. The XRD pattern showed the NCC belonged to cellulose I, and the crystallinity of NCC was 66.5%, the pyrolysis temperature was 243.43℃. The NCC prepared from corn leaf could be excellent reinforcing materials for the manufacture of plastic and paper products.
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